Adventure is the activity performed to gain thrill and excitement. Adventure brings excitement and risk along with it. Along with excitement and fun it may lead to serious injuries and sometimes to death. In the news we hear that many people die while performing various adventure related activities. They risk their lives to have fun as well as to set and break various records. The real excitement lies in adventure rather than travelling. Most of the adventure activities are performed by using necessary precautions. Safety tools and gears are used in order to ensure safety.
Mountaineering in the Himalayan ranges of Nepal has always been the best choice of adventure activity for the mountain lovers. Nepal has 8 of the world's top fourteen mountain peaks which are above eight thousand meters. And how can any expedition lover miss the experience of mountaineering in the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, which lies in Nepal. Similarly, in Nepal the mountaineers can also climb other mountains above eight thousand meters. The other mountains above eight thousand meters are Mt. Kanchenjunga, Mt. Annapurna, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Cho Oyu, Mt. Dhaulagiri and Mt. Manaslu. Not only the peaks above 8000 meters, but also many more peaks above 6000 and 7000 meters are also available for expeditions. Various researches have shown that Nepal has more than 1900 peaks above 5500 meters. The best months for mountaineering in the mountains of Nepal are during the months of March, April and May. The major accidents or fatality in the mountains are caused mainly due lack of oxygen, altitude sickness, avalanche and falling into the Crevasse.
Trekking in Nepal is very much popular because of the extreme altitude situations. The altitude in Nepal varies from the altitude of 70 m to the world's highest 8848 m. There are various hills and terrains providing the best view of snowcapped mountains. The extreme variation in landscape provides the habitat for various species of flora and fauna. Therefore, during the trek the trekkers can see various species of flora and fauna. Various species of flowers make the scene more beautiful for the trekkers. The trekkers sometime move along thick forests, whereas sometimes the forests are very thin. Somewhere the trees are very big and tall and somewhere the trees are thin and small. Somewhere trees are coniferous and somewhere they are evergreen in nature the trekking trails, sometimes move along the level of rivers, streams, etc. whereas sometimes along the high altitude pass. The trekking routes of Nepal are of various categories easy, moderate and hard. The various famous trekking trails in Nepal are the trek to Upper Mustang (the trek to the village beyond the mountains), Everest Base Camp (the trek providing the best view of Mt. Everest as well as other peaks above eight thousand meters), Round Annapurna / Annapurna Circuit Trek (the best voted trek with longer trekking days), Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, etc. Similarly there are also some other famous trekking routes in Nepal such as Upper Dolpo Trek, Ghandruk - Ghorepani - Poonhill Trek, Ghale Gaun Trek, Rara Lake Trek, Gokyo Lake Trek, Tilicho Lake Trek, etc. Spring season and autumn season are the best seasons to trek in Nepal. Trekking in Nepal also gives the chance to explore new destinations and also to learn the culture, lifestyles of various ethnic groups as well as to be socialized with the locals on the trekking routes.
Rafting in Nepal is another famous adventure activity. It is known as white water rafting in Nepal. There are more than 6000 rivers in Nepal. Among them, some are fast-flowing rivers with high current and rafting in these rivers provide really amazing experience. There are various rivers such as Trishuli, Marsyangdi, Karnali, Bhote Koshi, Seti, etc., which are famous for white water rafting in Nepal. These rivers are classified in various categories as per the speed/current or the flow of the rivers. Rafting in these fast-flowing rivers is a day long and can also last for more than 10 days as per the wish of the tourists. Arun river, Sun Koshi, Kali Gandaki, Tamor, Budi Gandaki, etc. are some other rivers famous for rafting.
Paragliding in Nepal has also been the popular adventure activity for the tourists travelling to Pokhara. Sarangkot in Pokhara is a famous spot for Paragliding providing the spectacular view of World Peace Stupa, Fewa Lake and snowcapped mountains like Machhapuchre, Annapurna and others. But, after the successful operation of Paragliding in the hill of Sarangkot it is also being operated in the hills of Fulchoki and others. In Pokhara, the paragliding starts from the hill of Sarangkot and finally ends at Fewa Lake.
5. Honey hunting
Honey hunting is also regarded as one of the oldest and most traditional type of adventure activity. It is the activity of collecting the honey of the wild honey bees. Honey hunting activity is the activity which has been carried down from generations to generations by the locals of Lamjung district, Annapurna region, Dhading district, Jharlang near Ganesh Himal, Arun valley in the Makalu Barun National Park. They perform this adventure activity without taking proper precautions and without using necessary safety tools. There are various places in Nepal that are suitable for Honey hunting. Mostly honey hunting is the adventure activity done on the steep cliff, having the nests of wild honey bees. The cliff may be more than 200 300 meters high from ground level. The honey is collected from the rocky cliff by using a bamboo ladder. Thaku vir in Lamjung district of Nepal is famous place for honey hunting. Similarly, Annapurna region, Dhading district, Jharlang near Ganesh Himal, Arun valley in the Makalu Barun National Park are other trekking areas that are popular in Nepal for honey hunting.
6. Rock Climbing
Rock climbing is a sport/adventure activity in which the person climbs the rock cliff with necessary precautions and safety measures. It is being popular as a sports activity and also a fun activity. In Kathmandu valley, there are two spots for rock climbing. One of the rock climbing spot lies in Nagarjun and the other in Hattiban.
Except these adventure activities, Nepal has also offered other various adventure activities like Kayaking, Canyoning, Bungee jumping, Mountain flights, etc. These wide range of adventure activities have played a role to attract a pool of adventure lover tourists.